SHORT HISTORY OF KYRGYZSTAN
“Kyrgyz” is believed to have been derived from the Turkic word for “forty”, in reference to the forty clans of Manas, a legendary hero who united forty regional clans against the Uyghurs. The first mention of the Kyrgyz people is contained in the “Historical notes” SIMA Qian in connection with the submission of their [proto]public education Xiongnu (201 BC) In the V to VIII centuries the Kyrgyz were subject to the rourans, the Turkic Khaganate, Uyghur Khaganate.
In Chinese Chronicles have preserved a sufficiently detailed description of the country of Kyrgyz people. The 5th century BC marked the mass migration of the Ephtalites who formed the vast Central Asian state on the whole space. At the time, in the early 9th century AD, the Uyghurs dominated much of Central Asia (including Kyrgyzstan), Mongolia, and parts of Russia and China. In the 9th to 12th centuries, there existed powerful political union Kyrgyz Khanate in the territory of Southern Siberia, upper reaches of the Irtysh River, East Turkistan, which used to be one of the strongest states in the region until the conquest of Mongols headed by Genghis khan.
The Kyrgyz, as emphasized by the academician V. V. Bartold, are one of the ancient Turkic peoples. Since ancient times the Kyrgyz people are part of the ethnonym “Kyrgyz”. There were also many groups of Kyrgyz, which became part of the other Nations of Eurasia and gradually assimilated with them.
The 40-ray sun on the flag of Kyrgyzstan is a reference to those same forty tribes and the graphical element in the sun’s center depicts the wooden crown of a yurt – a portable dwelling traditionally used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia.
GREAT SILK ROAD
Nearly all the major roads in Kyrgyzstan today were corridors on the Great Silk Road, which was a network of caravan paths that served as a conduit for goods and people linking ancient societies and contributing to the development of many civilizations.The Silk Road routes allowed the flow of ideas, beliefs and technological innovations. Central Asian warrior tribes also used the route to invade Europe.Many religions and ethnic groups co-existed along the route. As early as the 7th century, Muslim Turkic traders initially introduced Islam to Central Asia, including what is now Kyrgyzstan, through doing business.In 1219, the Mongols emerged from the Altai Mountains with an army led by Jenghiz Khan. The Kyrgyz joined the army as mercenaries and subsequently participated in trading activities, building the mutual inter-dependence of nomads, farmers and different peoples.This exchange fostered hospitality that is still famous in the country today.
USSR dramatically influenced to the current Kyrgyzstan.
USSR was strongly felt and many of the pre-Soviet Kyrgyz Traditions were lost.Wandering around the Celestial Mountains Kyrgyz tribes began carry a settled way of life after joining the Russian Empire.In relation to the the settled way of life the nomads learned how to build houses. One of the main cultural development was the elimination of illiteracy,
the creation of a new education system. Successfully functioned higher educational institutions, universities, and secondary specialized educational institutions that trained skilled personnel. Brought Communication Led a political regime. All the road car in the Kyrgyz Republic have been constructed by USSR. In addition, ethnic minorities were deported to Kyrgyzstan, including Germans, Kurds, Chechens, Poles, and Jews. In addition, Ouighur and Dungan Chinese Muslims settled in Kyrgyzstan. This mix of populations makes Kyrgyzstan one of the most ethnically diverse populations in Asia. USSR teach kyrgyz people to process energy systems, non-ferrous metals, antimony, mercury, rare earth and other non-ferrous metals.
Brought to Kyrgyzstan CinematographyThe mentality of people who lived in Soviet times absolutely different. In the Soviet period basically everybody been taught how to work and not how to create work, as done at the current time. The Soviet Union did not accept democracy. So now almost all families, parents with children quarrel namely relating to democracy.Now is still remained in the Kyrgyz Republic Russian names of the cities, villages, streets, rivers and so on.
Such as Belovodskoe, Lenin Street, Komsomolskaya Street In Soviet times, people used to unite in the kolkhozes and sovkhozes. This is a unification of the collective farms, where several families unite their property (goats, horses, sheep) and develop for the common good … Kyrgyz rich men not wanting to to share their wealth with Russian people rose in revolt, so that the rebellion was suppressed. And some of kyrgyz people just escaped to different directions. Now in China, is the region Kyzyl Suu where only Kyrgyz people stayed Together with doubtless positives, the negative of Soviet period was marked by the totalitarian regime, which led to the tragedy of many human lives.In socialism laws had been harsh, dictatorial, and therefore probably for that period there were not many thieves, cheaters, tricksters, etc.
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union and estblishment of Kyrgyzstan’s independence, old customs and traditions as well as the Kyrgyz lanuguage flourished once again in the region. The country was given recognition as it formed ties with various other countries like United States, Israel and Turkey.